This picture is in the Gallery of Ontario.
In the Medieval Mystery plays performed on Corpus Christi (between May and June) Herod was the great villain. If you ever read Hamlet’s advice to the actor (Speak the speech, I pray you) and wondered what the Hell “out Herroding Herod” meant, he’s referring to Herod in the mystery plays.
Interestingly enough, the dress of the soldiers and the townspeople are decidedly classical, as is the landscape and background. Intriguing. Very intriguing.